Categoria: International Community

The problem with defining work and the collective voice

Defining work in terms of notion and value raises several philosophical doubts. The author suggests that the notion of work and its social recognition might be found looking at workers’ collective experiences, taking as example the ones occurred in the contest of the platform economy. Despite platforms’ attempts to “rebrand” work, workers’ unionisation contributed to their identity as workers and then to their legal recognition as such.

Liberalizzazione della somministrazione a termine e vincoli europei nell’interpretazione della Corte di Giustizia (C-681/18): un monito per il (futuro) legislatore italiano?

Breve commento alla sentenza della Corte di Giustizia del 14 ottobre 2020 (C-681/18), resa in relazione alla disciplina italiana vigente al tempo dei fatti di causa (2017), le cui conclusioni sulla natura essenzialmente temporanea della somministrazione di lavoro vengono esaminate anche in relazione al (successivo) decreto dignità e alle ulteriori modifiche contenute nel “decreto sostegni-bis”, di cui il Parlamento sta in questi giorni votando la conversione in legge.
Brief remarks on the decision of the Court of Justice (C-681/18), rendered in relation to the Italian regulation in force at the time of the case (2017), whose conclusions on temporary employment services are also examined in relation to the (subsequent) so-called “decreto dignità” and further amendments contained in “decreto sostegni-bis”, which the Parliament is currently converting into law.

Minimal remarks on the concept of work

Riccardo Del Punta Professore ordinario di Diritto del lavoro, Università degli Studi di Firenze The literature on the issue of defining the meaning and value of work highlights two main tendencies. The first tendency is preconizing the end of the work-based society. The most important proposal, in this respect, is that of the Universal Basic…
Leggi tutto

Il caso C. giust. C-815/18: la Corte torna sul tema dell’applicabilità della direttiva distacco. Un’(altra) occasione persa.

Brevi note sul caso C-815/18 della Corte di Giustizia Europea: sì all’applicazione della Direttiva Distacco per le prestazioni di servizi transnazionali nel settore del trasporto su strada ma il lavoratore si considera distaccato solo se ha un legame sufficiente con il territorio.
Brief notes on Case C-815/18 decided by the European Court of Justice: the Posting of workers Directive for the provision of transnational services applies to the road transport sector but a worker cannot be considered to be posted unless the performance of the work has a sufficient connection with that territory.

A partire dal libro di…

Manuel Álvarez de la Rosa, El valor de la igualdad y el Derecho del Trabajo,  Comares, Granada, 2020, 104 pp., 12€ Gianni Loy Professore ordinario, Università di Cagliari 10 Giugno 2021 Manuel Álvarez de la Rosa, ordinario di diritto del lavoro presso l’Università di La Laguna in Tenerife, ora in quiescenza, ha recentemente pubblicato una “breve e luminosa”…
Leggi tutto

Is it true that the CJEU has declared that the minimum period of daily rest is always per worker and not per contract?

Magdalena Nogueira Guastavino Catedrática Derecho del Trabajo, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid 18th May 2021

Dalle recovery measures verso il Recovery Plan: segnali distensivi dalla Corte tedesca

Giuseppe Bronzini Presidente della sezione lavoro della Corte di cassazione 28 Aprile 2021 Uno spettro si aggirava per l’Europa, non solo tra le Cancellerie, ma nelle borse e, soprattutto, tra i cittadini degli Stati più colpiti dalla crisi pandemica. Proprio la Germania, la cui volontà politica è stata alla base della complessa architettura del Recoveny Plan, attraverso…
Leggi tutto

Indipendenza della magistratura e clausola di non regresso: un commento a Repubblika, Grande Sezione 20 aprile 2021 (causa C–896/19)

Valeria Piccone Magistrata Consigliere presso la Corte di Cassazione e componente del Consiglio consultivo dei giudici europei 23 Aprile 2021 Nella più recente “puntata” della saga polacca, la decisione adottata dalla Grande Sezione della Corte di giustizia il 2 marzo scorso (causa C- 824/18, AB)la Corte assegnando un ruolo nodale all’obbligo di leale collaborazione che…
Leggi tutto

Repartidores y no riders. Nota a la STS 25 septiembre 2020 que declara la relación del repartidor como laboral, aunque sin efecto “laboral” práctico alguno.

Twenty-first Legal Basis of the Labor Court Judgment of September 25, 2020, rec. 4746/2019: “In short, Glovo is not merely an intermediary in the contracting of services between businesses and delivery persons. It does not merely provide an electronic intermediation service consisting of putting consumers (customers) and genuine self-employed workers in contact with each other; rather, it performs a work of coordination and organization of the productive service. It is a company that provides delivery and courier services, fixing the price and payment conditions of the service, as well as the essential conditions for the provision of such service. And it owns the essential assets to carry out the activity. To do so, it uses couriers or delivery drivers who do not have their own autonomous business organization, who provide their service inserted in the employer’s work organization, subject to the management and organization of the platform, as evidenced by the fact that Glovo establishes all aspects relating to the form and price of the pickup and delivery service of such products. In other words, both the manner of provision of the service, as well as its price and method of payment are established by Glovo. The company has established instructions that allow it to control the production process. Glovo has established means of control that operate on the activity and not just on the result through algorithmic service management, distributor evaluations, and constant geolocation. The delivery person neither organizes the production activity on his own, nor does he negotiate prices or conditions with the owners of the establishments he serves, nor does he receive his remuneration from the end customers. The actor had no real capacity to organize his work, lacking the autonomy to do so. He was subject to the organizational guidelines set by the company. This reveals an exercise of corporate power in relation to the way the service is provided and a control of its execution in real time that evidences the concurrence of the dependency, requirement inherent to the employment relationship. In order to provide these services, Glovo uses a computer program that assigns services based on each courier’s evaluation, which decisively conditions the theoretical freedom to choose schedules and refuse orders. In addition, Glovo enjoys a power to sanction its delivery drivers for a plurality of different behaviors, which is a manifestation of the employer’s managerial power. Glovo performs real-time monitoring of the service delivery, with no way for the deliveryman to perform his task without being connected to this platform. Because of this, the delivery driver has a very limited autonomy that reaches only secondary issues: what means of transport he uses and what route he follows when making the delivery, so this Court must conclude that the characteristics that define the employment contract between the plaintiff and the defendant company provided by the art. 1.1 of the ET (Estatuto de los Trabajadores) concur in the relationship, accepting the first ground of the unifying appeal”.

Brazil: labor relations after the decision of the Supreme Federal Court for compulsory vaccination

The author addresses the issue of the constitutional limits to the determination of sanitary measures in case of eradication of infectious diseases, taking account of the ones taken to tackle Covid-19. Taking the view that balancing the conflict between public health and citizens’ autonomy cannot be done in absolute terms, the author analyses to this respect the decision taken by the Supreme Federal Court of Brazil on December 17, 2020 concerning the constitutionality of mandatory vaccination. She afterwards addresses the relationship between the employers’ will or duty to protect workers’ health and the consequences of workers refusing to be vaccinated.